The African-Native American Genealogy Homepage
Celebrating the Oklahoma Freedmen and 
all Blended Families with African and Native American Histories

Weekly Podcast

Genealogy Videos

Message Board

Beginning Indian Res.

Oral History

Eastern Cherokees

Mississippi Choctaws

Virginia Indians

Freedmen Resources

Genealogy Workshops

Sample Freedman Docs.

Black Mexico Links

News Items

Smithsonian Lectures
twitter / aywalton
© 1997-2010 Angela Y. Walton-Raji
Developed data and external links on , is posted, maintained and updated by Angela Y. Walton-Raji. Material placed on this web site may not be copied, transmitted, sold, published or shared in any way without permission in writing. Material may be used for personal and for non-commercial use. All questions regarding material on this site can be obtained by contacting: Last updated 3/28/10
1885 Choctaw Freedmen
Who Elected To Leave the Nation

(Approximately 69 persons classified as Choctaw Freedmen chose to leave the Choctaw nation prior to adoption of the Choctaw Freedmen in 1885.  These 69 should not be confused with the more than 6000 Choctaw Freedmen remaining in Indian Territory.

Various records from the Ft. Smith field office of  the Office of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands (Freedman's Bureau) indicate that twenty years prior, in 1865, the plight of many Freedmen in the Choctaw Nation was woeful. Many newly freed slaves were subject to attack, confiscation of property, and various outrages committed upon them. This occurred  particularly in the Freedmen settlements near the Arkansas border.  Though few in number, these Freedmen, after years of trying to live in their nation, chose to emigrate to the United States for an opportunity at a different life. They were given payments of $100 to leave and thus forfeited any future rights as citizens of the Choctaw Nation.  These 69 Freedmen, represented less than 1% of 1% of the Freedmen who remained, and who later applied for and were enrolled on the Dawes Rolls.

There are those who deny the presence of the Choctaw Freedmen, who dispute their having any blood ties to their nation, and kinsmen, and who speak of the 69 emigrants as the Choctaw Freedmen as a whole.  The decision of these persons seeking a better life, are often used by persons wishing to continue to deny Freedmen recognition of their heritage. However, the more than 6000 Freedmen found on the Dawes Rolls, the families found on the 1910 and 1900 Federal Special Indian Census, and those admitted to citizenship in 1885 all  represent the thousands of African-Choctaws who arrived in the Territory in the 1830s, who lived both in and out of bondage and who worked the land until statehood and remained.  Their descendants live both inside and outside of Oklahoma today, and thousands of African Choctaw Ancestry descend from those referred to as the Choctaw Freedmen. Note that the largest group were the 69, and that Districts 2 and 3 contained less than 10 emigrants each.

These 69 emigrants listed below, are still part of the Indian Territory Freedmen community in an historical sense, and they are included here, for those who may descend from these 69, and who may be seeking the names of their ancestors. )

The names listed below are in the following order:

Name--Name of Freedman
Designation---Head of house or child---(H) Head  (W) Wife
Nationality--Whether from the Choctaw or Chickasaw Nation
Slave Owner---Name of Choctaw to whom they belonged before freedom.

1st District
Page 1
1 Susan Hope (H)----Choctaw------Edward Nail
2 Birtie Hope(C)----Choctaw------Born after Slavery
3 Bertha Hope (C)---Choctaw------Born after Slavery
4 Adaline Richmond (H)Choctaw-----Adaline Richmond
5 William Burris (C)-Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
6 Elisha Frazier(H)--Choctaw-----Sirra Pickens
7 Caroline Frazier(W)Choctaw-----Campbell LeFlore
8 Letha Frazier(C)---Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
9 Elisha Frzier(C)---Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
10 Elexander Duncan(H)Choctaw-----Tandy Walker
11 Wilson Duncan(C)---Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
12 Lavonia Duncan(C)--Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
13 Lavinia Duncan(C)--Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
14 Mary Duncan(C)-----Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
15 Alexander Duncan(C)Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
16 Isaac Morris(H)----Choctaw-----Annie McCurtain
17 Matilda Morris(W)--Choctaw-----Campbell LeFlore
18 Isaac Morris(C)----Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
19 Ellona Morris(C)---Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
20 Jane Rogers(H)-----Choctaw-----Peter Folsom
21 Annie Rogers----Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
22 Chester Rogers--Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
23 Fannie Anderson(H)-Choctaw-----R.S. McCarty
24 Aron Anderson---Choctaw-----Born After Slavery
25 Eddie Anderson---Choctaw----Born after slavery
26 Carrie Anderson---Choctaw----Born after slavery
27 Frank Butler---Choctaw----Born after slavery
28 Charley Clark(H)---Choctaw----Peter Folsom
29 Ben Clark----Choctaw----Born after slavery
30 Ellis Wright(H)----Choctaw----Lewis Walker
31 Eliza Wright----Choctaw----Born after slavery
32 Susan Wright-----Choctaw----Born after slavery
33 Peggy Wright-----Choctaw----Born after slavery
34 Edmund Wright----Choctaw----Born after slavery
35 Hannah Wright----Choctaw-----Born after slavery
36 John Dansby (H)----Choctaw----Born after slavery
37 Salina Dansby (W)----Choctaw---Born after slavery
38 Edward Dansby----Choctaw---Born after slavery
39 William Dansby----Choctaw----Born after slavery
40 John Dansby----Choctaw----Born after slavery

Continue to part 2